Picture Missing
Alex M. Martino
Junior High School
Picture Missing
Mr. Wettergren
7th Grade Government and
8th Grade U.S. History- Martino Jr. High
Expectations and Grading


I will be using the school's step system in the classroom.

Step 1: Warning
Step 2: Written Consequence
Step 3: Contact Home
Step 4: Office Referral

It is important that students and parents understand that I believe an educational environment should be fun, safe, and respectful.  Therefore, if I feel that a student is being disrespectful to a peer or to the teacher (I consider this to fall under the school's severe clause) he/she will be given an immediate office referral.  I also process office referrals for cheating or plagiarizing another student's work.  This is dishonesty, and I will not tolerate it in my classroom.

Homework/Classwork/Projects - 20%
Homework is generally a page or two reading or a primary source with 10 - 20 questions.  Students must use reading comprehension skills, evaluation skills, research skills, problem solving skills, and inferencing to successfully complete their homework.  Students may not redo homework since we will go over the assignments as a class after the due date passes. Students will also work on group assignments in class that will count towards their grade.  Classroom assignments will be interpreting primary sources in history.  This is a higher level skill, therefore, students will work together in groups and we will cover the material in class.  Projects are due on the due date.  Students are usually given one - two weeks to finish a project, and most of them don't require more than an hour or two of work.  I give them these projects to promote historical concepts, to encourage creativity, and to practice time management skills.  Therefore, if the project is not turned in on the due date I will accept it the next day with a 10% deduction or the next class (2 days later) with a 20%.  No projects will be accepted after that and will result in a grade of a 50% (F).
Quizzes - 30%
Quizzes are 15-25 questions that assess the students' understanding of a specific portion of the material that we have covered in a particular unite.  The questions com directly from concepts covered in their classroom notes, classroom assignments, classroom videos, and homework.  There are no retake opportunities on quizzes.

Tests - 50% 
Tests are 30-50 questions that assess the students understanding of an entire unit.  The questions come directly from classroom lessons, classroom assignments, classroom videos, and homework.  Students may retake tests as long as they have meet all of the requirements on the test retake checklist. 

No extra credit is offered in the class per the school grading policy.

My Late Assignment Policy 

First Trimester
Students should strive to turn in all of their work on the posted due date. Assignments are due at the beginning of the class to be considered on time.  However, homework assignments will be accepted for full credit as long as the assignment is turned in by the next class meeting (2 school days - unless their is a weekend).  If an assignment is not turned in by the next class meeting then the student will automatically receive a grade of 50% (F) on the assignment.  
Projects are DUE on the due date.  Students are usually given a week or two to finish the projects and most of them do not exceed more than an hour or two of work.  I give them these projects to promote historical concepts, to encourage creativity, and to practice time management skills. Therefore, if the project is not turned in on the due date I will accept it the next day with a 10% deduction or the next class (2 days later) with a 20% deduction.  Projects will not be accepted after that point and will result in a grade of a 50% (F). 

All missing homework turned in late in order to retake a test will not be given full credit and will remain a 50%.  Completing the work allows the student the opportunity to improve his/her grade by retaking the test.
Second Trimester 
I continue to follow the guidelines from the first trimester, however, during the second trimester students will only be allowed to turn two late assignments in for full credit.  Once a student uses up his/her two late passes I will no longer accept any late assignments for full credit.  That means all future assignments are due on the posted date.  If the assignment is not turned in on that date it will result in an automatic 50% (F).
Third trimester is designed to help ease the transition to high school by practicing procedures used by the majority of high schools and high school teachers in the area.

Third Trimester  
NO late work will be accepted.  If the work is not turned in on the posted due date then the student will receive a 50% (F).  Students may only retake one test third trimester (most high school teachers do not allow retakes on assessments and the select few that do usually only allow one per semester after the student does a packet of work to earn a chance).





Weekly Schedule

May 22 - May 26

Mon. May 22nd - Blue Day (2nd Block) (3rd Block)
- Vietnam
- Due - Bell Ringers
- HW - None

Tues. May 23rd - Gold Day (10/11 Block) (13th Block)
- Vietnam
- Due - Bell Ringers
- HW - None

Weds. May 24th - Blue Day (2nd Block) (3rd Block)
- Picture History Game
- Due - None
- HW - None

Thurs. May 25th - Gold Day (10/11 Block) (13th Block)

Fri. May 26th - Blue Day (2nd Block) (3rd Block)
- Graduation Practice
- Viking Games
Bell Ringers

8/26 (Blue) & 8/29 (Gold) - Who invented the Cotton Gin?      Eli Whitney         

8/30 (Blue) & 8/31 (Gold) - What was a conductor on the Underground Railroad?      Someone who led the runaway slaves out of the South and into the North.                              

9/1 (Blue) & 9/2 (Gold) - Who led the U.S. Marines that captured John Brown at Harper's Ferry?
Robert E. Lee 

9/6 (Blue) & 9/7 (Gold) - What was the Republican Party's platform in the election of 1860?
Do not allow slavery to spread into the western territories - keep slavery contained to the existing states in the South.
9/8 (Blue) & 9/9 (Gold) - Where did the "first shots" of the American Civil War take place?
Fort Sumter
9/12 (Blue) & 9/13 (Gold) - Who was elected President of the Confederate States of America?
Jefferson Davis

9/14 (Blue) & 9/15 (Gold) - What was another name for the North (United States) during our Civil War?     The Union

9/16 (Blue) & 9/19 (Gold) - What were the two factors that led to such high casualty numbers in the Civil War?    New weapons/technology along with outdated battle tactics.

9/20 (Blue) & 9/21 (Gold) - What organization did Clara Barton establish after the Civil War?
American Red Cross

9/22 (Blue) & 9/23 (Gold) - What was considered the first "major" battle of the Civil War?
First Battle of Bull Run

9/26 (Blue) & 9/27 (Gold) - Who was the "Hero of Little Round Top" during the Battle of Gettysburg?  Joshua Chamberlain

9/28 (Blue) & 9/29 (Gold) - Why was capturing Vicksburg so important for the Union army?
It gave them full control of the Mississippi River and split the Confederacy in two.

9/30 (Blue) & 10/3 (Gold) - Who used (what he called) total war as he carved a path of destruction through Georgia on his march from Atlanta to Savannah?
William Tecumseh Sherman

10/4 (Blue) & 10/5 (Gold) - What did Booth believe would happen if his plan to kill Lincoln (and the others) was successful?  It would throw the Union government into chaos and the South could reorganize its resistance.

10/6 (Blue) & 10/7 (Gold) - What is a conspiracy?  An agreement by two or more people to break the law.

10/11 (Blue) & 10/12 (Gold) - What Senator led the radical Republicans against Andrew Johnson and his lenient Reconstruction plan?  Thaddeus Stevens 

10/13 (Blue) & 10/14 (Gold) - What were Black Codes?  Give one example.
They were state and local laws in the South (in the early days of Reconstruction) designed to control the freedman and keep them subservient. 
Examples: Cannot own a firearm, cannot buy liquor, cannot work certain jobs, cannot sit on juries.

10/17 (Blue) & 10/18 (Gold) - What does impeach mean?
To bring charges against a public official for breaking the law in an attempt to remove him/her from office.

10/19 (Blue) & 10/20 (Gold) - What was the main goal of the Reconstruction Ku Klux Klan?
To stop the freedmen and their allies from voting - for Republicans - during this time period.

10/21 (Blue) & 10/24 (Gold) - What is segregation?
The separation of races.

10/25 (Blue) & 10/26 (Gold) - What ethnic group made up the vast majority of workers on the Central Pacific spur of the Transcontinental Railroad?
Chinese Immigrants
10/27 (Blue) & 10/28 (Gold) - What state did the Union Pacific and Central Pacific meet in to complete the Transcontinental Railroad?

11/1 (Gold) & 11/2 (Blue) - What state were millions of stray longhorn cattle roaming free?

11/3 (Gold) & 11/4 (Blue) - What famous lawman was involved in the gunfight at the OK corral?
Wyatt Earp

11/7 (Gold) & 11/9 (Blue) - Who was the President of the United States the last time the Cubs won the World Series in 1908?
Theodore Roosevelt

11/10 (Gold) & 11/11 (Blue) - Who were the Native American leaders who led the Cheyenne and Sioux at the Battle of Little Big Horn?
Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull

11/14 (Gold) & 11/15 (Blue) - What were 2 mistakes that George Armstrong Custer made at the Battle of Little Big Horn?
He divided his troops into 3 colums
He did not wait for reinforcements 
He did not take the Gatling guns offered to him

11/16 (Gold) & 11/17 (Blue) - Who were the Buffalo Soldiers?
African-American Cavalry soldiers sent out West to round up Native Americans and put them on reservations.

11/28 (Blue) & 11/29 (Gold) - What do we call individuals who come up with new ideas/products to start a business and make money?

11/30 (Blue) & 12/1 (Gold) - What is petroleum?  Crude Oil

12/2 (Blue) & 12/5 (Gold) - What is it called when a business or entrepreneur gains control of an entire industry?

12/6 (Blue) & 12/7 (Gold) - What addition did Ford make to the assembly line to modernize it?
The conveyer belt

12/8 (Blue) & 12/9 (Gold) - Most "new" immigrants came from eastern and southern Europe at the turn of the 20th century (1890-1910).  Name two European ethnic groups that were part of the flow of "new" immigrants.  Russian, Polish, Lithuanian, Italian, Greek

12/12/ (Blue) & 12/13 (Gold) - What country gave us the Statue of Liberty?  France

12/14 (Blue) & 12/15 (Gold) - Who established Hull House in Chicago?  Jane Addams

12/16 (Blue) & 12/19 (Gold) - What nation did the United States purchase Alaska from for 7.2 million dollars?    Russia

12/20 (Blue) & 12/21 (Gold) - Give 2 nicknames for the purchase of Alaska.
"Seward's Folly"  "Seward's Ice Box"  "Johnson's Polar Bear Garden"

1/9 (Blue) & 1/10 (Gold) - What was the name of Teddy Roosevelt's volunteer unit that took San Juan Hill in Cuba?
Rough Riders

1/11 (Blue) & 1/12 (Gold) - Why did the Republican Party choose Theodore Roosevelt to be William McKinley's Vice President?
So he would no longer be the Governor of New York (where he was going after big businesses) and would be in a position where he would be forced to follow William McKinley's policies.

1/13 (Blue) & 1/17 (Gold) - Who was considered the master of yellow journalism?
William Randolph Hearst

1/18 (Blue) & 1/19 (Gold) - What were 4 causes of World War I?
Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism, and Alliances

1/20 (Blue) & 1/23 (Gold) - Where was the Western Front located in World War I?
Northern France

1/24 (Blue) & 1/25 (Gold) - What phrase was used when the soldiers left the trenches and attacked the enemy across No Man's Land?  Over the top

1/26 (Blue) & 1/27 (Gold) - Provide 2 reasons why the United States remained neutral the first 3 years of the war?
U.S. banks were giving loans to both sides, U.S. businesses were trading with both sides, ethnic loyalties within the United States due to our immigrant population divided the nation on who to back.

1/30 (Blue) & 1/31(Gold) - What conscientious objector went on to become a hero during the Argonne Offensive and was awarded the Medal of Honor?
Alvin York

2/1 (Blue) & 2/2 (Gold) - What phrase did Woodrow Wilson use to describe the goal of his 14 Points peace plan?   "Peace without victory"

2/3 (Blue) & 2/6 (Gold) - The harsh Treaty of Versailles helped lead to the rise of this dictator?
                                         Adolf Hitler

2/7 (Blue) & 2/8 (Gold) - What did they call the fashionable, pleasure-seeking young women of the 1920's who broke traditional female stereotypes?        Flappers

2/9 (Blue) and 2/10 (Gold) - What is a still?
An apparatus used to make alcoholic drinks like whiskey.

2/13 (Blue) and 2/14 (Gold) - What was F. Scott Fitzgerald's famous novel about the lavish lifestyle of the Roaring Twenties?  The Great Gatsby

2/15 (Blue) and 2/16 (Gold) - What famous jazz musician was known for his trumpet and his scatting?  Louis Armstrong

2/17 (Blue) and 2/21 (Gold) - What name was given to the day that the stock market crashed?
Black Tuesday

2/22 (Blue) and 2/23 (Gold) - What were the giant dust storms called during the Dust Bowl?
Black Blizzards

2/24 (Blue) and 2/27 (Gold) - What were FDR's social and economic programs designed to pull us out of the Great Depression called?  New Deal 

2/28 (Blue) and 3/1 (Gold) - What type of totalitarian system did Benito Mussolini use in Italy?

3/2 (Blue) and 3/3 (Gold) - What did Hitler call German's with pure Nordic bloodlines?

3/6 (Blue) and 3/7 (Gold) - What U.S. battleship sustained the highest number of casualties during the bombing of Pearl Harbor?  U.S.S. Arizona

3/8 (Blue) and 3/9 (Gold) - What is the policy of appeasement?  When you give in to a nation or leader's demands to avoid conflict (war).

3/10 (Blue) and 3/13 (Gold) - What (three) nations made up the Axis Powers?
Germany, Italy, Japan

3/14 (Blue) and 3/15 (Gold) - What U.S. general in the Pacific told his soldiers and the people of the Philippines, "I shall return?"  Douglas McArthur 

3/16 (Blue) and 3/17 (Gold) - What was the nickname of the B-17 bomber?  Flying Fortress

3/20 (Blue) and 3/21 (Gold) - How many total people were killed in the Holocaust?  How many Jews were killed?   11 million - Total      6 million - Jews

3/22 (Blue) and 3/23 (Gold) - What is a kamikaze?  Japanese suicide pilots 

3/24 (Blue) (Gold) 14 Block - Name two other groups of people (besides Jews) that Hitler deemed "subhuman" and put in the Concentration Camp?  Gypsies, Poles, Political prisoners, Mentally and physically handicaped.

4/3 (Blue) & 4/5 (Gold) - During what island battle did only 1% of the Japanese soldiers survive or surrender?  Iwo Jima

4/6 (Blue) & 4/7 (Gold) - What did Mrs. Schachter (Night) imagine that she saw on the train ride to the concentration camp?  Fire

4/10 (Blue) & 4/11 (Gold) - What was used (specifically) to remove Elie's crown from his mouth?
                                            Rusty spoon

4/12 (Blue) & 4/13 (Gold) - Who does Elie become angry with when he believes that he is going to be thrown into the fire during selection?        His God

4/18 (Blue) & 4/19 (Gold) -  Why did Elie say that the soup "tasted like corpses" after the pipel (young servant boy) was hanged?   It was very disturbing because the pipel was so sad and quiet before he died and he died in tremendous agony.  He was too light, so if took him over 30 minutes to die.  This horrified Elie and made the soup taste bad that night - like corpses.

4/20 (Blue) & 4/21 (Gold) - After being liberated from Buchanwald, Elie looks at himself in a mirror.  What does he say that he saw?  A Corpse

4/24 (Blue) & 4/25 (Gold) - What was the last thing Elie's father said before he died?

4/26 (Blue) & 4/27 (Gold) - What five nations are the permanent members of the U.N. security council?   U.S., Great Britain, France, Russia, China            

4/28 (Blue) & 5/1 (Gold) - What did the Western nations do to break Stalin's blockade of Berlin?
                                            They used an airlift

5/2 (Blue) & 5/3 (Gold) - What did we call the period of time when people were fearful that communism had infiltrated the United States and people began pointing fingers and accusing each other of being communist?   The Red Scare

5/4 (Blue) & 5/5 (Gold) - What term is used to describe the idea of accusing someone of guilt without evidence?          McCarthyism 

5/8 (Blue) & 5/9 (Gold) - Who was the first American in space?   
                                           Alan B. Shepard 

5/10 (Blue) & 5/11 (Gold) - What was the deal reached between JFK and Khruschev to end the Cuban Missile Crisis?  The Soviets would remove missiles from Cuba and the U.S. agreed not to invade Cuba (and remove missiles from Turkey).

5/12 (Blue) & 5/15 (Gold) - Give two conspiracy theory groups that may have been involved in JFK's assassination.    CIA, Soviets, Organized Crime, Fidel Castro, Lyndon Johnson

5/16 (Blue) & 5/17 (Gold) - What did they call the nonviolent form of protest when young blacks sat down at segregated counters in the Jim Crow South and demanded service?
Sit in

5/18 (Blue) & 5/19 (Gold) - What animal is usually used to represent Russia (Soviet Union)?  

5/22 (Blue) & 5/23 (Gold) - What teacher at Martino Junior High School does a poor job teaching World Cultures and has very little hair?   Mr. Kilstrom