Picture Missing
Alex M. Martino
Junior High School
Picture Missing
Mr. Wettergren
7th Grade Government and
8th Grade U.S. History - Martino Jr. High
Expectations and Grading

CHAMPS Classroom Expectations

Class expectations are clearly posted and will be enforced in the classroom.  We are using the CHAMPS program in District #122 to set clear and enforced expectations in our classrooms.  Students need to follow these expectations.  If they do not then the school's step system will be used.


I will be using the school's step system in the classroom to enforce the classroom expectations.

Step 1: Warning
Step 2: Written Consequence
Step 3: Contact Home
Step 4: Office Referral

It is important that students and parents understand that I believe an educational environment should be fun, safe, and respectful.  Therefore, if I feel that a student is being disrespectful to a peer or to the teacher (I consider this to fall under the school's severe clause) he/she will be given an immediate office referral.  Students caught cheating or plagiarizing on homework/classwork will automatically earn a 50% (F).  Any students caught cheating during an assessment will be given an immediate office referral and a 50% (F). These actions represent dishonesty and are not acceptable.

Classroom Materials

Students should bring the following materials to every class:
- Spiral Notebook - for note taking
- Pen/Pencil
- iPad

Occasionally students will be asked to bring coloring supplies or ear buds - students will be told ahead of time when they need to bring these materials. 



Homework is on my website or on Google classroom.  I DO NOT pass out papers anymore.  Students have access to an iPad and are responsible for accessing their own homework.  Students may use their iPad to print a paper copy of the reading and questions, they may read the PDF at my website and answer the questions on a piece of notebook paper, or they may read the PDF in Google Classroom and type in the answers for submission.  

Homework/Classwork/Projects - 20%
Homework is generally a page or two reading or a primary source with 10 - 20 questions.  Students must use reading comprehension skills, evaluation skills, research skills, problem solving skills, and inferencing to successfully complete their homework.  Students may not redo homework for a better grade. They are given plenty of time to complete the assignment and can ask for help at any time, so the initial grade is (usually) the most accurate assessment of the students effort and understanding of the material. 

Projects are due on the due date. Students are usually given one - two weeks to finish a project, and most of them don't require more than an hour or two of work.  I give them these projects to promote historical concepts, to encourage creativity, and to practice time management skills.  Therefore, if the project is not turned in on the due date I will accept it the next day with a 10% deduction or the next class (2 days later) with a 20%.  No projects will be accepted after that and will result in a grade of a 50% (F).
Quizzes - 30%
Quizzes are 15-25 questions that assess the students' understanding of a specific portion of the material that we have covered in a particular unite.  The questions com directly from concepts covered in their classroom notes, classroom assignments, classroom videos, and homework.  There are no retake opportunities on quizzes.

Tests - 50% 
Tests are 30-50 questions that assess the students understanding of an entire unit.  The questions come directly from classroom lessons, classroom assignments, classroom videos, and homework.  Students may retake tests as long as they have meet all of the requirements on the Social Studies Test Retake Checklist. 

TEST RETAKE FORM  - this form is also located in the study guide section of my website.

No extra credit is offered in the class per the school grading policy.

My Late Assignment Policy 

First Trimester
Students should strive to turn in all of their work on the posted due date. Assignments are due at the beginning of the class to be considered on time.  However, homework assignments will be accepted for full credit as long as the assignment is turned in by the next class meeting (2 school days - unless there is a weekend).  If an assignment is not turned in by the next class meeting then the student will automatically receive a grade of 50% (F) on the assignment.  
Projects are DUE on the due date.  Students are usually given a week or two to finish the projects and most of them do not exceed more than an hour or two of work.  I give them these projects to promote historical concepts, to encourage creativity, and to practice time management skills. Therefore, if the project is not turned in on the due date I will accept it the next day with a 10% deduction or the next class (2 days later) with a 20% deduction.  Projects will not be accepted after that point and will result in a grade of a 50% (F). 

All missing homework turned in late in order to retake a test will not be given full credit and will remain a 50%.  Completing the work allows the student the opportunity to improve his/her grade by retaking the test.
Second Trimester 
I continue to follow the guidelines from the first trimester, however, during the second trimester students will only be allowed to turn two late assignments in for full credit.  Once a student uses up his/her two late passes I will no longer accept any late assignments for full credit.  That means all future assignments are due on the posted date.  If the assignment is not turned in on that date it will result in an automatic 50% (F).
Third trimester is designed to help ease the transition to high school by practicing procedures used by the majority of high schools and high school teachers in the area.

Third Trimester  
NO late work will be accepted.  If the work is not turned in on the posted due date then the student will receive a 50% (F).  Students may only retake one test third trimester (most high school teachers do not allow retakes on assessments and the select few that do usually only allow one per semester after the student does a packet of work to earn a chance).





Weekly Schedule

May 13 - May 17                                        

Mon., May 13 - Gold Day (10/11 Block)(13th Block)
                 - Vietnam
                 - Vietnam Video Questions
                 - Due - 60's Video Questions
                           - 60's Music - Hippie Van
                 - H.W. - None
Tues., May 14 - Blue Day (2nd Block)(3/4 Block) 
                 - Vietnam
                 - Vietnam Video Questions
                 - Due - 60's Video Questions
                           - 60's Music - Hippie Van
                 - H.W. - None

Weds., May 15 - Gold Day (10/11 Block)(13th Block)
                 - Vietnam
                 - Vietnam Video Questions #2
                 - Watergate Video Questions
                 - Due - None
                 - H.W. - None

Thurs., May 16 - Blue Day (2nd Block)(3/4 Block) 
                 - Vietnam
                 - Vietnam Video Questions #2
                 - Watergate Video Questions
                 - Due - None
                 - H.W. - None
Fri., May 17 - Gold Day (10/11 Block)(13th Block)
                 - 1980's Video Questions

Bell Ringers


Bell Ringers #1

8/24 (Blue) and 8/27 (Gold) - What is a premonition?  A feeling of unease that something (most likely bad) is going to happen.

 8/28 (Blue) and 8/29 (Gold) What is a conspiracy?  When two or more people (group) plan to break the law.

8/30 (Blue) and 8/31 (Gold) - What does it mean when it says that Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Plan was lenientIt means that it was not very harsh - it was overly permissive.

9/4 (Blue) and 9/5 (Gold) - What did the white Southerners call Northerners who came south during Reconstruction to profit and seek political gain?  Carpetbaggers

9/6 (Blue) 9/7 (Gold) - What was the main goal of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction? To prevent the freedmen and their allies from voting for Republicans.

9/10 (Blue) and 9/11 (Gold) -  What ethnic group made up the vast majority of workers on the Central Pacific spur of the Transcontinental Railroad?  Chinese Immigrants

9/12 (Blue) and 9/13 (Gold) - What was the name of the freedmen railroad worker from African-American folklore?  John Henry

9/14 (Blue) and 9/17 (Gold) - What state did the Union Pacific and Central Pacific meet in to complete the Transcontinental Railroad?  Utah

9/18 (Blue) and 9/19 (Gold) - What was the average age range of most cowboys?  17 -21

9/20 (Blue) and 9/21 (Gold) - What was the name of the famous lawman who was shot in the back of the head while holding aces and eights (the Dead Man's Hand) in a game of poker in Deadwood, South Dakota?  Wild Bill Hickok 

Bell Ringers #2

9/24 (Blue) and 9/25 (Gold) - What famous bank/train robber was shot in the back of the head, while adjusting a picture, by a member of his own gang?  Jesse James

9/26 (Blue) and 9/27 (Gold) - What famous lawman was involved in the infamous gunfight at the OK corral?  Wyatt Earp

9/28 (Blue) and 10/1 (Gold) What hired gun was the leader of the "Regulators" and was eventually shot in the dark after he escaped prison?  Billy the Kid

10/2 (Blue) and 10/3 (Gold) Why didn't early western pioneers have a lot of contact/conflict with the Native Americans  of the Great Plains?  They were few in number and were only crossing through the land on their way to California and Oregon.

10/4 (Blue) and 10/5 (Gold) What two Native American warriors led the Cheyenne and Souix athe the Battle of the Little Big Horn?  Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull

10/9 (Blue) and 10/10 (Gold) What was a Sooner?  Someone who went out early to settle the land opened up in Oklahoma before the Land Rush.

10//11 (Blue) and 10/12 (Gold) - What 'Captain of Industry' (businessman) made his fortune in refining oil?  John D. Rockefeller

10/15 (Blue) and 10/16 (Gold) - What is an entrepreneur?  An individual who comes up with an idea or product to start a business and make money.

10/17 (Blue) and 10/18 (Gold) - What process was used to turn iron into steel?  The Bessemer Process

10/19 (Blue) and 10/22 (Gold) - What did Ford add to the assembly line process to modernize it? The conveyer belt

Bell Ringers #3

10/23 (Blue) and 10/24 (Gold) - What was the most valuable patent in U.S. History?  Telephone

10/25 (Blue) and 10/26 (Gold) - Give 2 examples of people considered "new" immigrants coming from Europe to the United States around 1890 - 1910  Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Greek, Italians, Russians (Eastern and Southern Europeans)

10/29 (Blue) and 10/30 (Gold) - What deadly workplace fire helped bring about safety laws and more support for unions?  Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

11/1 (Blue) and 11/2 (Gold) - What nickname was given to the sanitation workers who cleaned the streets in New York?  White Ducks

11/5 (Blue) and 11/7 (Gold) - Generally, how old was the compulsory education (mandatory schooling law) age during this period of history?  14 years old

11/8 (Blue) and 11/9 (Gold) - What nation sold Alaska to the United States?  Russia

11/12 (Blue) and 11/13 (Gold) - What group of individuals forced Queen Liliuokalani to give up her thrown in Hawaii?  U.S. Businessmen

11/14 (Blue) and 11/15 (Gold) - What island colony was the catalyst behind the Spanish American War?  Cuba

11/27 (Gold) and 11/28 (Blue) - Why did Republicans want Theodore Roosevelt as Vice President?  Then he would no longer be governor of New York and would be forced to fall in line with the party and listen to William McKinley.

11/29 (Gold) and 11/30 (Blue) - Why did Roosevelt want a canal built in Panama?  He wanted the American fleet to be able to move quickly from coast to coast to protect the nation.

12/3 (Gold) and 12/4 (Blue) - What nation did Roosevelt tell the 'Great White Fleet' to visit during its "Good Will" voyage around the globe?  Japan

Bell Ringers #4 

12/5 (Gold) and 12/6 (Blue) - What were the 4 underlying factors that led to World War I?  Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism, Alliances

12/7 (Gold) and 12/10 (Blue) - What were the 3 main nations of the Central Powers?  Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey)

12/11 (Gold) and 12/12 (Blue) - What were the 3 main nations of the Allied Powers?  Russia, France, Great Britain

12/13 (Gold) and 12/14 (Blue) - What was the Slavic nationalist group called that assassinated the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo?  The Black Hand

12/17 (Gold) and 12/18 (Blue) - Where, specifically, was the Western Front located in World War I?  Northern France/Belgium

12/19 (Gold) and 12/20 (Blue) - What was Mexico offered (in the Zimmerman Telegram) to keep the United States out of the war in Europe?  Money (financial support) and its former territories of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. 

1/7 (Blue) and 1/8 (Gold) - Who led the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia?  Vladimir Lenin

1/9 (Blue) and 1/10 (Gold) - What were the 3 main ways that the U.S government spread propaganda during WWI?   Posters, Film, Music

1/11 (Blue) and 1/14 (Gold) - What were the U.S. soldiers called during WWI?  Doughboys

1/15 (Blue) and 1/16 (Gold) - What U.S soldier won the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Meuse Argonne Offensive after killing 15 Germans and capturing another 132?  Alvin York

Bell Ringers #5

1/17 (Blue) and 1/18 (Gold) - What was Woodrow Wilson'speace plan called?  The Fourteen Points

1/22 (Blue) and 1/23 (Gold) - What amendment gave women full suffrage in every state?  19th

1/24 (Blue) and 1/25 (Gold) - What amendment made the manufacturing, selling, and transportation of alcohol illegal in the United States?  18th Amendment

1/28 (Blue) and 1/29 (Gold) - What were the reformers that wanted to make alcohol illegal in the United States called?  Drys

2/1 (Blue) and 2/4 (Gold) - What famous musician played the trumpet and was known for his "scatting?"  Louis Armstrong

2/5 (Blue) and 2/6 (Gold) - What nickname was given to the stock market crash of 1929?  Black Tuesday

2/7 (Blue) and 2/8 (Gold) - What percentage did the unemployment rate reach in the U.S. during the Great Depression?  25%

2/11 (Blue) and 2/12 (Gold) - What respiratory disease to many people on the Great Plains develop during the Dust Bowl?  Dust Pneumonia 

2/13 (Blue) and 2/14 (Gold) - What was FDR's social and economic programs called during the Great Depression?  The New Deal

2/15 (Blue) and 2/19 (Gold) - What were the fascist followers of Benito Mussolini called?  Black Shirts

Bell Ringers #6

2/20 (Blue) and 2/21 (Gold) - What two problems did Japan experience that influenced the military leaders to focus on expansion into Asia?  

2/22 (Blue) and 2/25 (Gold) - What country did Germany invade to start World War II?

2/26 (Blue) and 2/27 (Gold) - Who became the British Prime Minister after Neville Chamberlain was forced to resign under pressure from the British Parliament?

2/28 (Blue) and 3/1 (Gold) - Why was the attack on Pearl Harbor destructive, but not a complete victory for the Japanese?

3/4 (Blue) and 3/5 (Gold) - Who were the Nisei?

3/6 (Blue) and 3/7 (Gold) - What is it called when you give in to a nation or leader's demands to avoid conflict?  

3/8 (Blue) and 3/11 (Gold) - What islands did Japan need to conquer in order to take control of Asia and the Pacific?

3/12 (Blue) and 3/13 (Gold) - What U.S. General was put in charge of D-Day?

3/14 (Blue) and 3/15 (Gold) - What was the nickname of the B-17 bomber?

3/18 (Blue) and 3/19 (Gold) - What battle was the turning point in the war against Japan?

Bell Ringers #7

3/20 (Blue) and 3/21 (Gold) - What strategy did the US use in the Pacific to get close to Japan for invasion?

4/4 (Blue) and 4/5 (Gold) - What book are we reading in class?

4/8 (Blue) and 4/9 (Gold) - What is the main theme in Night?

4/10 (Blue) and 4/11 (Gold) - Who had Elie become angry with when he thought that he was going to be burned alive.

4/12 (Blue) and 4/15 (Gold) - What was the Kapo of the Gypsy section of the camp looking for when Elie and the new prisoners first arrived at Auschwitz?

4/16 (Blue) and 4/17 (Gold) - What "inheritance" did Elie's father give him when he thought that he had be chosen to die during selection?

4/18 (Blue) and 4/23 (Gold) - Where did the prisoners get the snow to quench their thirst as they waited for the train to take them to Buchenwald?

4/24 (Blue) and 4/25 (Gold) - What did Elie say that he saw gazing back at him when he looked at himself in the mirror in the hospital?

4/26 (Blue) and 4/29 (Gold) - Why does Mr. Weisel's bunkmates beat him?

4/30 (Blue) and 5/1 (Gold) - What 5 nations are permenant members of the UN Security Council?

Bell Ringers #8

5/2 (Blue) and 5/3 (Gold) - What is it called when nations compete to have the largest, most powerful weapons?

5/6 (Blue) and 5/7 (Gold) -  Who was the commanding general of the U.N. forces in Korea?

5/8 (Blue) and 5/9 (Gold) - What do you call people who are forced to leave their countries due to war, political upheaval, or disasters?

5/10 (Blue) and 5/13 (Gold) - Who assasinated JFK according to the U.S. government?

5/14 (Blue) and 5/15 (Gold) - Who become the communist leader of Cuba during the 1950's?

5/16 (Blue) and 5/17 (Gold) - What were the South Vietnamese rebels called during the conflict in Vietnam?


Click on the links to view/download the material - 


Assignment #1 - Lincoln's Assassination 

In Class - Lincoln's Corpse

Assignment #2 - Reconstruction

Assignment #3 - Ku Klux Klan Video (In Google Classroom)

West Transformed   

Assignment #4 - Transcontinental Railroad 

Assignment #5 - Longhorns

Assignment #6 - Gunslingers (In Google Classroom)

Assignment #7 - Native Americans

Long Drive DBQ's        Essential Question Essay Outline

The Gilded Age

Assignment #8 - Captains of Industry 

Assignment #9 - Ford

Assignment #10 - Immigrant Interactive (In Google Classroom)

Link to Immigrant Interactive

First Person Account - Primary Source

U.S. Expansionism

Assignment #11 - Alaska 

Hawaii Video Questions (In Google Classroom)

Assignment #12 - Hawaii Primary Source

Assignment #13 - Teddy Roosevelt

World War I   

Assignment #14 - The Great War Begins

Video Questions - Apocalypse - Fury

Video Questions - Apocalypse - Fear

Propaganda Poster Project         Examples

Assignment #15 - U.S. Enters War

Roaring Twenties & Great Depression 

Women's Suffrage Reading (In Google Classroom)

Assignment #16 - Roaring Twenties 

Prohibition Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)

Prohibition Primary Source

Assignment #17 - The Great Depression

Assignment #18 - The Dust Bowl

World War II

WW II Infantry Weapons Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)

Assignment #19 - Dictators

German Military Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)

Assignment #20 - Pearl Harbor

Japanese Internment DBQ

World War II Battle DVD Project              Example

Assignment #21 - Invasion of France

Assignment #22 - The Holocaust


Section 1 Questions

Section 2 Questions

Section 3 Questions

Section 4 Questions

Section 5 Questions

Section 6 Questions

Post World War II

Post WW II Reading

Korean War Reading

Kennedy Reading

1950's U.S. Society - "Happy Days" Video Questions

Space Race Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)

1960's U.S. Society - "Poisoned Dreams" Video Questions


 Vietnam Conflict 

Simple History Vietnam Videos and Questions (In Google Classroom)

Simple History Vietnam Videos and Questions Quiz (In Google Classroom)


Watergate Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)


Popular Culture Video Crossword



Video Notes

 Click on the links to download/view the material - 

 Theodore Roosevelt Video Questions

World War II Video Notes


Click on the links to watch youtube videos.


Aftershocks (History Channel) - 17 min  Watch Part 1 (10 min) Part 2 (up to 7 min)

Origins of the Klan (History Channel) - 10 min

Plessy vs. Ferguson (History Channel) - 2 min


The West Transformed

The Gunslingers (Simple History) - 5 min


History of Hawaii - 7 min

Theodore Roosevelt - "The Presidents" (History Channel) - 15 min

World War I  

Simple History - Trench Warfare (3 min)

Simple History - Trench Life (2 min)

Simple History - Infantry Weapons (3 min)

Simple History - Zeppelins (2 min) 

Simple History - Chlorine Gas (2 min)

World War I - Fury (52 min)

World War I - Fear (52 min)

World War I - Rage (50 min)

Simple History - Russian Revolution (3 min)  

Simple History - Treaty of Versailles 1/2

Simple History - Treaty of Versailles 2/2

Roaring Twenties

Simple History - Prohibition (3 min) 

World War II

Simple History - Gulags (3 min)

History Oversimplified - Hitler (8 min) 

Simple History - World War II Weapons (4 min)

Simple History - German Military (4 min)

Simple History - Dunkirk (3 min)

Simple History - RAF (4 min)

Life in the Internment Camps (4 min)

Primary Source - Government Reel on Internment (9 min)

Ben Kuroki  Youtube Video (4 min)

Tuskegee Airmen Youtube Video (2 min)

Code Talkers Youtube Video (2 min)

Iwo Jima Youtube (4 min)

Simple History Japanese Infantry (2 min)

Post World War II

The Berlin Airlift (3 min)

Simple History Korean War (5 min)

1950's American Society - "Happy Days" (43 min)

Simple History Space Race (4 min)     

1960's American Society - "Poisoned Dreams" (43 min)

Civil Rights Video


Simple History: Vietcong

Simple History: Gulf of Tonkin

Simple History: U.S. Marines

Simple History: Air Mobility

Simple History: Tunnel Rats

Simple History: Vietnam War Draft

Simple History: Tet Offensive

Simple History: Fragging




Pop Culture