Picture Missing
Alex M. Martino
Junior High School
Picture Missing
Mr. Wettergren
7th Grade Government and
8th Grade U.S. History - Martino Jr. High
Expectations and Grading

CHAMPS Classroom Expectations

Class expectations are clearly posted and will be enforced in the classroom.  We are using the CHAMPS program in District #122 to set clear and enforced expectations in our classrooms.  Students need to follow these expectations.  If they do not then the school's step system will be used.


I will be using the school's step system in the classroom to enforce the classroom expectations.

Step 1: Warning
Step 2: Written Consequence
Step 3: Contact Home
Step 4: Office Referral

It is important that students and parents understand that I believe an educational environment should be fun, safe, and respectful.  Therefore, if I feel that a student is being disrespectful to a peer or to the teacher (I consider this to fall under the school's severe clause) he/she will be given an immediate office referral.  Students caught cheating or plagiarizing on homework/classwork will automatically earn a 50% (F).  Any students caught cheating during an assessment will be given an immediate office referral and a 50% (F). These actions represent dishonesty and are not acceptable.

Classroom Materials

Students should bring the following materials to every class:
- Spiral Notebook - for note taking
- Pen/Pencil
- iPad
- Earbuds/Earphones

Occasionally students will be asked to bring coloring supplies or ear buds - students will be told ahead of time when they need to bring these materials. 



Homework is on my website or on Google classroom.  I DO NOT pass out papers anymore.  Students have access to an iPad and are responsible for accessing their own homework.  Students may use their iPad to print a paper copy of the reading and questions, they may read the PDF at my website and answer the questions on a piece of notebook paper, or they may read the PDF in Google Classroom and type in the answers for submission.  

Homework/Classwork/Projects - 30%
Homework is generally a page or two reading, a short primary source, or a video with questions. Students must use reading comprehension skills, evaluation skills, research skills, problem solving skills, listening skills, and inferencing to successfully complete their homework. 

Students should strive to turn in all of their work on the posted due date. Assignments are due at the beginning (or within a reasonable amount of time after class begins - determined by the teacher) of the class to be considered on time.  

Students will be allowed 2 homework extensions (per trimester) to receive full credit for late work turned in within 2 school days of the due date (or the next class)

Assignments turned in after 2 days or the third late assignment are subject to a late penalty of 20%.  After that it will elicit a 40% penalty.

All late work is expected to be turned in by the end of the trimester.  Any work that is not turned in will result in a 50% and an intervention/consequence will be enforced.
Projects are DUE on the due date.  Students are usually given a week or two to finish the projects and most of them do not exceed more than an hour or two of work.  I give them these projects to promote historical concepts, to encourage creativity, and to practice time management skills. Therefore, if the project is not turned in on the due date I will accept it the next day with a 20% deduction or the next class (2 days later) with a 30% deduction.  Projects will not be accepted after that point and will result in a grade of a 50% (F). 

Quizzes - 20%
Quizzes are 15-25 questions that assess the students' understanding of a specific portion of the material that we have covered in a particular unit.  The questions come directly from concepts covered in their classroom notes, classroom assignments, classroom videos, and homework.  You may retake 2 quizzes per trimester.  Students must fill out the district retake form and meet all of the criteria before they are allowed to retake the quiz.

Unit Tests - 50% 
Tests are 30-50 questions that assess the students understanding of an entire unit.  The questions come directly from classroom lessons, classroom assignments, classroom videos, and homework.  There are no retakes on unit tests.

No extra credit is offered in the class per the school grading procedures.






Weekly Schedule

March 9 - March 13                                                 

Mon., Mar. 9 - Blue Day (2nd Block)(3/4 Block)
                - Night Test
                - Letter - Primary Source
                - Due - None
                - HW - None

Tues., Mar. 10 - Gold Day (10/11 Block)(13th Block)
                - Night Test
                - Letter - Primary Source
                - Due - None
                - HW - None
Weds., Mar. 11 - Blue Day (2nd Block)(3/4 Block)
                - WW II Notes
                - In Class - The Blitz Simple History Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
                - Due - None
                - HW - None

Thurs., Mar. 12 - Gold Day (10/11 Block)(13th Block)
                - WW II Notes
                - In class - The Blitz Simple History Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
                - Due - None
                - HW - None

Fri., Mar. 13 - Blue Day (2nd Block)(3/4 Block)
                - WW II Heros
                - Due - None
                - HW - None
Bell Ringers


Aug. 23 (Blue) and Aug. 26 (Gold) - What is a premonition?  A strong felling that something bad is going to happen.

Aug. 27 (Blue) and Aug 28 (Gold) - What was the original job of the Secret Service?  To stop counterfeiters.

Aug. 29 (Blue) and Aug. 30 (Gold) - What was a sharecropper?  A laborer who works for a large plantation owner and gets to keep a share of the crop.

Sept. 3 (Blue) and Sept. 4 (Gold) - What did the 14th Amendment do for the freedmen?  It gave them citizenship.

Sept. 5 (Blue) and Sept. 6 (Gold) - What was the main goal of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction?  To prevent the freedmen and their allies from voting for Republicans.

Sept. 9 (Blue) and Sept. 10 (Gold) - What laws were passed in the South after Reconstruction to separate citizens citizens based on their race?  Jim Crow Laws

Sept. 11 (Blue) and Sept. 12 (Gold) - What did the Southern Democrats receive in the Compromise of 1877?  The Republicans promised to end Radical Reconstruction.

Sept. 16 (Blue) and Sept. 17 (Gold) - When the Union Pacific and Central Pacific met in Utah what did the do to celebrate the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad?  Drove in a ceremonial golden spike.

Sept. 18 (Blue) and Sept. 19 (Gold) - What two groups were the early workers on the Transcontinental Railroad, but many of them eventually quit due to the hard labor and low pay?  Former Soldiers and Freedmen

Sept. 20 (Blue) and Sept. 23 (Gold) - Provide two examples of hardships that the Homesteaders faced on the Great Plains.  Drought & prairie fires, Wind storms and tornados, Locusts, thick sod




Sept. 24 (Blue) and Sept. 25 (Gold) - What was the vast unfenced land of Texas called where the longhorn cattle roamed free?  Open range

Sept. 26 (Blue) and Sept. 27 (Gold) - What was an "unmarked" longhorn called? Maverick

Sept. 30 (Blue) and Oct. 1 (Gold) - What put an end to the long drive after only 20-25 years?  Barbed Wire

Oct. 2 (Blue) and Oct. 3 (Gold) - What famous African-American cowboy was given the nickname "Deadwood Dick" after winning a rodeo competition in Deadwood, South Dakota?  Nat Love

Oct. 4 (Blue) and Oct. 7 (Gold) - Approximately how many buffalo roamed the Great Plains prior to American hunters flooding into the plains?  30 million

Oct. 8 (Blue) and Oct. 9 (Gold) - What U.S. cavalry officer was killed (along with his entire column) at the Battle of Little Big Horn?  George Armstrong Custer

Oct. 10 (Blue) and Oct. 15 (Gold) - What Apache renegade warrior refused to go on a reservation and led raids on white settlements along the Arizona and Mexico border?  Geronimo

Oct. 16 (Blue) and Oct. 17 (Gold) - What terrible incident put an end to Native American resistance?  Massacre at Wounded Knee

Oct. 18 (Blue) and Oct. 21 (Gold) - What region was the center of the meat-packing industry? Wisconsin and Illinois

Oct. 22 (Blue) and Oct. 23 (Gold) - What entrepreneur became wealthy as the CEO/President of Standard Oil?  John D. Rockefeller


Oct. 24 (Blue) and Oct. 25 (Gold) - What were the 3 main products that were refined from petroleum by John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Corporation? Kerosene, Gasoline, Lubricants/Grease

Oct. 28 (Blue) and Oct. 29 (Gold) - What did Henry Ford add to the assembly line that helped modernize the process?  Conveyer Belt

Oct. 30 (Blue) and Nov. 1 (Gold) - What was the nickname of the Model T Ford?  Tin Lizzie

Nov. 4 (Blue) and Nov. 5 (Gold) - What book did Upton Sinclair write to showcase the horrors of working in the meat-packing factories during the Gilded Age?  The Jungle

Nov. 6 (Blue) and Nov. 7 (Gold) - What was the nickname given to New York sanitation workers during the Gilded Age?  White Ducks

Nov. 11 (Gold) and Nov. 12 (Blue) - What nation sold Alaska to the United States?  Russia

Nov. 13 (Gold) and Nov. 14 (Blue) - What were the three valuable discoveries made in Alaska after it was purchased?  Gold, Petroleum, Timber

Nov. 15 (Gold) and Nov. 18 (Blue) - What group of individuals forced the Queen of Hawaii to abdicate her thrown?  American businessmen

Nov. 19 (Gold) and Nov. 20 (Blue) - Who will lead the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill?  Teddy Roosevelt

Nov. 21 (Gold) and Nov. 22 (Blue) - Who was the "Hero of Manila Bay?  George Dewey


Dec. 2 (Gold) and Dec. 3 (Blue) - What did Theodore Roosevelt like to be called?  T.R.

Dec. 4 (Gold) and Dec. 5 (Blue) - What do you call an individual who break's up monopolies?  Trustbuster

Dec. 6 (Gold) and Dec. 9 (Blue) - What was the fleet of battleships called that sailed around the world on a "goodwill mission."  The Great White Fleet

Dec. 10 (Gold) and Dec. 11 (Blue) - What did most people call WW I when it ended?  The Great War

Dec. 12 (Gold) and Dec. 13 (Blue) - What were the four underlying causes of WWI?  Alliances, Militarism, Imperialism, Nationalism

Dec. 16 (Gold) and Dec. 17 (Blue) - What were the 3 main Allied Powers at the start of the war?  Great Britain, France, Russia

Dec. 18 (Gold) and Dec. 19 (Blue) - What was the phrase used when soldiers left the trenches and charged across No Man's Land to attack the enemy?  Over the top


Jan. 6 (Blue) and Jan. 7 (Gold) - Who was President of the United States during World War I?  Woodrow Wilson

Jan. 8 (Blue) and Jan. 9 (Gold) - What do you call someone who does not believe in the use of violence?  Pacifist 

Jan. 10 (Blue) and Jan. 13 (Gold) - What law was past by Congress that allowed the U.S. government to draft men between the ages of 21-30 to serve in the army? Selective Service Act

Jan. 14 (Blue) and Jan. 15 (Gold) - What was the nickname given to U.S. infantry soldiers in World War I?  Doughboys

Jan. 16 (Blue) and Jan. 17 (Gold) - What reason (quote) did Woodrow Wilson give for the United States entering World War I?  To keep the world "safe for democracy"

Jan. 21 (Blue) and Jan. 22 (Gold) - Who was able to rise to power (partly) due to the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles?  Adolf Hitler

Jan. 23 (Blue) and Jan. 24 (Gold) - What amendment made it illegal to deny a person the right to vote based upon gender?  19th Amendment

Jan. 27 (Blue) and Jan. 28 (Gold) - What were individuals who illegally made, sold, or transported alcohol during prohibition?  Bootleggers

Jan. 29 (Blue) and Jan. 30 (Gold) - What Roaring 20's term would you use if you teased someone?  Razz

Jan. 31 (Blue) and Feb. 3 (Gold) - What was it called when large numbers of African Americans in the South went north in an attempt to escape poverty?  The Great Migration


Feb. 4 (Blue) and Feb. 5 (Gold) - What was the name of Charles Lindbergh's airplane when he made the famous Transatlantic fight?  Spirit of St. Louis

Feb. 6 (Blue) and Feb. 7 (Gold) - What was the famous character created by Charlie Chaplin during the silent film era?  The Little Tramp

Feb. 10 (Blue) and Feb. 11 (Gold) - What word do we use for financial failure when a person or business runs out of money and is unable to pay off their debts?  bankruptcy 

Feb. 12 (Blue) and Feb. 13 (Gold) - What disease did many Dust Bowlers contract from experiencing countless black blizzards?  Dust pneumonia

Feb. 18 (Blue) and Feb. 19 (Gold) - What did Elie smell as their transport arrived at Auschwitz-Birkenau?  Burning Flesh

Feb. 20 (Blue) and Feb. 21 (Gold) - Who did Elie become angry with when he thought that he was going to be burned alive?  God

Feb. 24 (Blue) and Feb. 25 (Gold) - What was used to remove Elie's gold crown?  A rusty spoon

Feb. 26 (Blue) and Feb. 27 (Gold) - Who does the Hungarian Jew in the infirmary tell Elie is the only person/thing that he has faith in anymore?  Hitler

Feb. 28 (Blue) and Mar. 2 (Gold) - What camp were Elie and the other prisoners forced to run to after leaving Auschwitz?  Gleiwitz 

Mar. 3 (Blue) and Mar. 4 (Gold) - What does Elie see staring back at him from the mirror after he is rescued?  Corpse


Mar. 5 (Blue) and Mar. 6 (Gold) - What system based on extreme nationalism was created by Benito Mussolini, in Italy, as an alternative to communism and a way for him to seize power?  Fascism

Mar. 9 (Blue) and Mar. 10 (Gold)  -What is Anti-Semitism?   The hatred of Jews.

Mar. 11 (Blue) and Mar. 12 (Gold) - What two problems did Japan face prior to the war that led the military to looks towards expansion into China, Korea, and Southeast Asia?  Overpopulation and a lack of natural resources

Classroom Notes

 Click on the links to download/view the material - 






Click on the links to view/download the material - 


West Transformed   


The Gilded Age


U.S. Expansionism


World War I   


Roaring Twenties & Great Depression 

 Women's Voting Rights Reading and Questions (Google Classroom)

Prohibition Video and Questions (Google Classroom)

Roaring Twenties Reading and Questions

Jive Talking

Prohibition Primary Source (Paper Copy and Google Classroom)

The Great Depression Reading and Questions

Dust Bowl Reading/Map and Questions


World War II

The Rise of Dictators




Post World War II



 Vietnam Conflict 







Study Guides

Click on the links to view/download the material -             

Unit Study Guides



Video Notes

 Click on the links to download/view the material - 

The West Transformed (Heartland)

The Gilded Age (Cities)



Click on the links to watch youtube videos.


Lincoln Assassination - 5 min

The West Transformed

The Gunslingers (Simple History) - 5 min

The Gilded Age

John D. Rockefeller - 8 min


History of Hawaii - 7 min

World War I  

Simple History - What Caused World War I (2 min)

WWI - Oversimplified - Part 1 (6 min)

Simple History - Trench Warfare (3 min)

Simple History - Trench Life (2 min)

Simple History - Infantry Weapons (3 min)

Simple History - Chlorine Gas (2 min)

World War I - Fear (52 min)

Simple History - Russian Revolution (3 min)  

Simple History - Treaty of Versailles 1/2

Simple History - Treaty of Versailles 2/2

Roaring Twenties

Crash Course History - Women's Suffrage (12 min)

Simple History - Prohibition (3 min) 

Bet You Didn't Know Prohibition (3 min)

Al Capone Biography (4 min)

Louis Armstrong Biography (4 min)

Babe Ruth Biography (3 min)

World War II

Simple History - Gulags (3 min)

History Oversimplified - WWII Part 1 (13 min)

History Oversimplified - Hitler (8 min) 

History Oversimplified - Hitler Part 2

Simple History - World War II Weapons (4 min)

Simple History - German Military (4 min)

Simple History - Dunkirk (3 min)

Simple History - RAF (4 min)

Life in the Internment Camps (4 min)

Primary Source - Government Reel on Internment (9 min)

Ben Kuroki  Youtube Video (4 min)

Tuskegee Airmen Youtube Video (2 min)

Code Talkers Youtube Video (2 min)

Iwo Jima Youtube (4 min)

Simple History Japanese Infantry (2 min)

Post World War II

The Berlin Airlift (3 min)

Simple History Korean War (5 min)

1950's American Society - "Happy Days" (43 min)

Simple History Space Race (4 min)     

1960's American Society - "Poisoned Dreams" (43 min)

Civil Rights Video


Simple History: Vietcong

Simple History: Gulf of Tonkin

Simple History: U.S. Marines

Simple History: Air Mobility

Simple History: Tunnel Rats

Simple History: Vietnam War Draft

Simple History: Tet Offensive

Simple History: Fragging




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