8th Grade U.S. History - Martino Jr. High
CHAMPS Classroom Expectations
Class expectations are clearly posted and will be enforced in the classroom. We are using the CHAMPS program in District #122 to set clear and enforced expectations in our classrooms. Students need to follow these expectations. If they do not then the school's step system will be used.
I will be using the school's step system in the classroom to enforce the classroom expectations.
Homework is on my website or on Google classroom. I DO NOT pass out papers anymore. Students have access to an iPad and are responsible for accessing their own homework. Students may use their iPad to print a paper copy of the reading and questions, they may read the PDF at my website and answer the questions on a piece of notebook paper, or they may read the PDF in Google Classroom and type in the answers for submission.
January 20 - January 24
Aug. 23 (Blue) and Aug. 26 (Gold) - What is a premonition? A strong felling that something bad is going to happen.
Aug. 27 (Blue) and Aug 28 (Gold) - What was the original job of the Secret Service? To stop counterfeiters.
Aug. 29 (Blue) and Aug. 30 (Gold) - What was a sharecropper? A laborer who works for a large plantation owner and gets to keep a share of the crop.
Sept. 3 (Blue) and Sept. 4 (Gold) - What did the 14th Amendment do for the freedmen? It gave them citizenship.
Sept. 5 (Blue) and Sept. 6 (Gold) - What was the main goal of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction? To prevent the freedmen and their allies from voting for Republicans.
Sept. 9 (Blue) and Sept. 10 (Gold) - What laws were passed in the South after Reconstruction to separate citizens citizens based on their race? Jim Crow Laws
Sept. 11 (Blue) and Sept. 12 (Gold) - What did the Southern Democrats receive in the Compromise of 1877? The Republicans promised to end Radical Reconstruction.
Sept. 16 (Blue) and Sept. 17 (Gold) - When the Union Pacific and Central Pacific met in Utah what did the do to celebrate the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad? Drove in a ceremonial golden spike.
Sept. 18 (Blue) and Sept. 19 (Gold) - What two groups were the early workers on the Transcontinental Railroad, but many of them eventually quit due to the hard labor and low pay? Former Soldiers and Freedmen
Sept. 20 (Blue) and Sept. 23 (Gold) - Provide two examples of hardships that the Homesteaders faced on the Great Plains. Drought & prairie fires, Wind storms and tornados, Locusts, thick sod
Sept. 24 (Blue) and Sept. 25 (Gold) - What was the vast unfenced land of Texas called where the longhorn cattle roamed free? Open range
Sept. 26 (Blue) and Sept. 27 (Gold) - What was an "unmarked" longhorn called? Maverick
Sept. 30 (Blue) and Oct. 1 (Gold) - What put an end to the long drive after only 20-25 years? Barbed Wire
Oct. 2 (Blue) and Oct. 3 (Gold) - What famous African-American cowboy was given the nickname "Deadwood Dick" after winning a rodeo competition in Deadwood, South Dakota? Nat Love
Oct. 4 (Blue) and Oct. 7 (Gold) - Approximately how many buffalo roamed the Great Plains prior to American hunters flooding into the plains? 30 million
Oct. 8 (Blue) and Oct. 9 (Gold) - What U.S. cavalry officer was killed (along with his entire column) at the Battle of Little Big Horn? George Armstrong Custer
Oct. 10 (Blue) and Oct. 15 (Gold) - What Apache renegade warrior refused to go on a reservation and led raids on white settlements along the Arizona and Mexico border? Geronimo
Oct. 16 (Blue) and Oct. 17 (Gold) - What terrible incident put an end to Native American resistance? Massacre at Wounded Knee
Oct. 18 (Blue) and Oct. 21 (Gold) - What region was the center of the meat-packing industry? Wisconsin and Illinois
Oct. 22 (Blue) and Oct. 23 (Gold) - What entrepreneur became wealthy as the CEO/President of Standard Oil? John D. Rockefeller
Oct. 24 (Blue) and Oct. 25 (Gold) - What were the 3 main products that were refined from petroleum by John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil Corporation? Kerosene, Gasoline, Lubricants/Grease
Oct. 28 (Blue) and Oct. 29 (Gold) - What did Henry Ford add to the assembly line that helped modernize the process? Conveyer Belt
Oct. 30 (Blue) and Nov. 1 (Gold) - What was the nickname of the Model T Ford? Tin Lizzie
Nov. 4 (Blue) and Nov. 5 (Gold) - What book did Upton Sinclair write to showcase the horrors of working in the meat-packing factories during the Gilded Age? The Jungle
Nov. 6 (Blue) and Nov. 7 (Gold) - What was the nickname given to New York sanitation workers during the Gilded Age? White Ducks
Nov. 11 (Gold) and Nov. 12 (Blue) - What nation sold Alaska to the United States? Russia
Nov. 13 (Gold) and Nov. 14 (Blue) - What were the three valuable discoveries made in Alaska after it was purchased? Gold, Petroleum, Timber
Nov. 15 (Gold) and Nov. 18 (Blue) - What group of individuals forced the Queen of Hawaii to abdicate her thrown? American businessmen
Nov. 19 (Gold) and Nov. 20 (Blue) - Who will lead the Rough Riders up San Juan Hill? Teddy Roosevelt
Nov. 21 (Gold) and Nov. 22 (Blue) - Who was the "Hero of Manila Bay? George Dewey
Dec. 2 (Gold) and Dec. 3 (Blue) - What did Theodore Roosevelt like to be called? T.R.
Dec. 4 (Gold) and Dec. 5 (Blue) - What do you call an individual who break's up monopolies? Trustbuster
Dec. 6 (Gold) and Dec. 9 (Blue) - What was the fleet of battleships called that sailed around the world on a "goodwill mission." The Great White Fleet
Dec. 10 (Gold) and Dec. 11 (Blue) - What did most people call WW I when it ended? The Great War
Dec. 12 (Gold) and Dec. 13 (Blue) - What were the four underlying causes of WWI? Alliances, Militarism, Imperialism, Nationalism
Dec. 16 (Gold) and Dec. 17 (Blue) - What were the 3 main Allied Powers at the start of the war? Great Britain, France, Russia
Dec. 18 (Gold) and Dec. 19 (Blue) - What was the phrase used when soldiers left the trenches and charged across No Man's Land to attack the enemy? Over the top
Jan. 6 (Blue) and Jan. 7 (Gold) - Who was President of the United States during World War I? Woodrow Wilson
Jan. 8 (Blue) and Jan. 9 (Gold) - What do you call someone who does not believe in the use of violence? Pacifist
Jan. 10 (Blue) and Jan. 13 (Gold) - What law was past by Congress that allowed the U.S. government to draft men between the ages of 21-30 to serve in the army? Selective Service Act
Jan. 14 (Blue) and Jan. 15 (Gold) - What was the nickname given to U.S. infantry soldiers in World War I? Doughboys
Jan. 16 (Blue) and Jan. 17 (Gold) - What reason (quote) did Woodrow Wilson give for the United States entering World War I? To keep the world "safe for democracy"
Jan. 21 (Blue) and Jan. 22 (Gold) - Who was able to rise to power (partly) due to the harsh terms of the Treaty of Versailles? Adolf Hitler
Click on the links to view/download the material -
KKK Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
KKK Primary Sources and Questions (Paper Copy & Google Classroom)
Reconstruction Breaking News Story (Google Classroom)
Long Drive DBQ (Paper & Google Classroom)
Simple History: Gunslingers Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
The Gilded Age
Immigrant Interactive (Google Classroom)
The Jungle Primary Source Reading and Questions (Paper Copy & Google Classroom)
Gilded Age Graphic Novel (Google Classroom)
Hawaii Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
Hawaii Primary Source Reading and Questions (Paper Copy & Google Classroom)
Theodore Roosevelt Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
World War I
Upfront Article and Questions (Google Classroom)
World War I DBQ - What was the underlying cause? (Google Classroom and Paper Copy)
Simple History - Weapons Videos and Questions (Google Classroom)
Simple History - Russian Revolution Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
Simple History - The Treaty of Versailles Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
Roaring Twenties & Great Depression
Women's Voting Rights Reading and Questions (Google Classroom)
Prohibition Video and Questions (Google Classroom)
Roaring Twenties Reading and Questions
World War II
Post World War II
Click on the links to watch youtube videos.
The West Transformed
The Gilded Age
World War I
World War I - Rage (50 min)
Simple History - Prohibition (3 min)
World War II
Post World War II