8th Grade U.S. History - Martino Jr. High
CHAMPS Classroom Expectations
Class expectations are clearly posted and will be enforced in the classroom. We are using the CHAMPS program in District #122 to set clear and enforced expectations in our classrooms. Students need to follow these expectations. If they do not then the school's step system will be used.
I will be using the school's step system in the classroom to enforce the classroom expectations.
Homework is on my website or on Google classroom. I DO NOT pass out papers anymore. Students have access to an iPad and are responsible for accessing their own homework. Students may use their iPad to print a paper copy of the reading and questions, they may read the PDF at my website and answer the questions on a piece of notebook paper, or they may read the PDF in Google Classroom and type in the answers for submission.
March 11 - March 15
Bell Ringers #1
8/24 (Blue) and 8/27 (Gold) - What is a premonition? A feeling of unease that something (most likely bad) is going to happen.
8/28 (Blue) and 8/29 (Gold) What is a conspiracy? When two or more people (group) plan to break the law.
8/30 (Blue) and 8/31 (Gold) - What does it mean when it says that Andrew Johnson's Reconstruction Plan was lenient? It means that it was not very harsh - it was overly permissive.
9/4 (Blue) and 9/5 (Gold) - What did the white Southerners call Northerners who came south during Reconstruction to profit and seek political gain? Carpetbaggers
9/6 (Blue) 9/7 (Gold) - What was the main goal of the Ku Klux Klan during Reconstruction? To prevent the freedmen and their allies from voting for Republicans.
9/10 (Blue) and 9/11 (Gold) - What ethnic group made up the vast majority of workers on the Central Pacific spur of the Transcontinental Railroad? Chinese Immigrants
9/12 (Blue) and 9/13 (Gold) - What was the name of the freedmen railroad worker from African-American folklore? John Henry
9/14 (Blue) and 9/17 (Gold) - What state did the Union Pacific and Central Pacific meet in to complete the Transcontinental Railroad? Utah
9/18 (Blue) and 9/19 (Gold) - What was the average age range of most cowboys? 17 -21
9/20 (Blue) and 9/21 (Gold) - What was the name of the famous lawman who was shot in the back of the head while holding aces and eights (the Dead Man's Hand) in a game of poker in Deadwood, South Dakota? Wild Bill Hickok
Bell Ringers #2
9/24 (Blue) and 9/25 (Gold) - What famous bank/train robber was shot in the back of the head, while adjusting a picture, by a member of his own gang? Jesse James
9/26 (Blue) and 9/27 (Gold) - What famous lawman was involved in the infamous gunfight at the OK corral? Wyatt Earp
9/28 (Blue) and 10/1 (Gold) What hired gun was the leader of the "Regulators" and was eventually shot in the dark after he escaped prison? Billy the Kid
10/2 (Blue) and 10/3 (Gold) Why didn't early western pioneers have a lot of contact/conflict with the Native Americans of the Great Plains? They were few in number and were only crossing through the land on their way to California and Oregon.
10/4 (Blue) and 10/5 (Gold) What two Native American warriors led the Cheyenne and Souix athe the Battle of the Little Big Horn? Crazy Horse and Sitting Bull
10/9 (Blue) and 10/10 (Gold) What was a Sooner? Someone who went out early to settle the land opened up in Oklahoma before the Land Rush.
10//11 (Blue) and 10/12 (Gold) - What 'Captain of Industry' (businessman) made his fortune in refining oil? John D. Rockefeller
10/15 (Blue) and 10/16 (Gold) - What is an entrepreneur? An individual who comes up with an idea or product to start a business and make money.
10/17 (Blue) and 10/18 (Gold) - What process was used to turn iron into steel? The Bessemer Process
10/19 (Blue) and 10/22 (Gold) - What did Ford add to the assembly line process to modernize it? The conveyer belt
Bell Ringers #3
10/23 (Blue) and 10/24 (Gold) - What was the most valuable patent in U.S. History? Telephone
10/25 (Blue) and 10/26 (Gold) - Give 2 examples of people considered "new" immigrants coming from Europe to the United States around 1890 - 1910 Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Greek, Italians, Russians (Eastern and Southern Europeans)
10/29 (Blue) and 10/30 (Gold) - What deadly workplace fire helped bring about safety laws and more support for unions? Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
11/1 (Blue) and 11/2 (Gold) - What nickname was given to the sanitation workers who cleaned the streets in New York? White Ducks
11/5 (Blue) and 11/7 (Gold) - Generally, how old was the compulsory education (mandatory schooling law) age during this period of history? 14 years old
11/8 (Blue) and 11/9 (Gold) - What nation sold Alaska to the United States? Russia
11/12 (Blue) and 11/13 (Gold) - What group of individuals forced Queen Liliuokalani to give up her thrown in Hawaii? U.S. Businessmen
11/14 (Blue) and 11/15 (Gold) - What island colony was the catalyst behind the Spanish American War? Cuba
11/27 (Gold) and 11/28 (Blue) - Why did Republicans want Theodore Roosevelt as Vice President? Then he would no longer be governor of New York and would be forced to fall in line with the party and listen to William McKinley.
11/29 (Gold) and 11/30 (Blue) - Why did Roosevelt want a canal built in Panama? He wanted the American fleet to be able to move quickly from coast to coast to protect the nation.
12/3 (Gold) and 12/4 (Blue) - What nation did Roosevelt tell the 'Great White Fleet' to visit during its "Good Will" voyage around the globe? Japan
Bell Ringers #4
12/5 (Gold) and 12/6 (Blue) - What were the 4 underlying factors that led to World War I? Imperialism, Militarism, Nationalism, Alliances
12/7 (Gold) and 12/10 (Blue) - What were the 3 main nations of the Central Powers? Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
12/11 (Gold) and 12/12 (Blue) - What were the 3 main nations of the Allied Powers? Russia, France, Great Britain
12/13 (Gold) and 12/14 (Blue) - What was the Slavic nationalist group called that assassinated the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife in Sarajevo? The Black Hand
12/17 (Gold) and 12/18 (Blue) - Where, specifically, was the Western Front located in World War I? Northern France/Belgium
12/19 (Gold) and 12/20 (Blue) - What was Mexico offered (in the Zimmerman Telegram) to keep the United States out of the war in Europe? Money (financial support) and its former territories of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona.
1/7 (Blue) and 1/8 (Gold) - Who led the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia? Vladimir Lenin
1/9 (Blue) and 1/10 (Gold) - What were the 3 main ways that the U.S government spread propaganda during WWI? Posters, Film, Music
1/11 (Blue) and 1/14 (Gold) - What were the U.S. soldiers called during WWI? Doughboys
1/15 (Blue) and 1/16 (Gold) - What U.S soldier won the Congressional Medal of Honor during the Meuse Argonne Offensive after killing 15 Germans and capturing another 132? Alvin York
Bell Ringers #5
1/17 (Blue) and 1/18 (Gold) - What was Woodrow Wilson'speace plan called? The Fourteen Points
1/22 (Blue) and 1/23 (Gold) - What amendment gave women full suffrage in every state? 19th
1/24 (Blue) and 1/25 (Gold) - What amendment made the manufacturing, selling, and transportation of alcohol illegal in the United States? 18th Amendment
1/28 (Blue) and 1/29 (Gold) - What were the reformers that wanted to make alcohol illegal in the United States called? Drys
2/1 (Blue) and 2/4 (Gold) - What famous musician played the trumpet and was known for his "scatting?" Louis Armstrong
2/5 (Blue) and 2/6 (Gold) - What nickname was given to the stock market crash of 1929? Black Tuesday
2/7 (Blue) and 2/8 (Gold) - What percentage did the unemployment rate reach in the U.S. during the Great Depression? 25%
2/11 (Blue) and 2/12 (Gold) - What respiratory disease to many people on the Great Plains develop during the Dust Bowl? Dust Pneumonia
2/13 (Blue) and 2/14 (Gold) - What was FDR's social and economic programs called during the Great Depression? The New Deal
2/15 (Blue) and 2/19 (Gold) - What were the fascist followers of Benito Mussolini called? Black Shirts
Bell Ringers #6
2/20 (Blue) and 2/21 (Gold) - What two problems did Japan experience that influenced the military leaders to focus on expansion into Asia?
2/22 (Blue) and 2/25 (Gold) - What country did Germany invade to start World War II?
2/26 (Blue) and 2/27 (Gold) - Who became the British Prime Minister after Neville Chamberlain was forced to resign under pressure from the British Parliament?
2/28 (Blue) and 3/1 (Gold) - Why was the attack on Pearl Harbor destructive, but not a complete victory for the Japanese?
3/4 (Blue) and 3/5 (Gold) - Who were the Nisei?
3/6 (Blue) and 3/7 (Gold) - What is it called when you give in to a nation or leader's demands to avoid conflict?
3/8 (Blue) and 3/11 (Gold) - What islands did Japan need to conquer in order to take control of Asia and the Pacific?
3/12 (Blue) and 3/13 (Gold) - What U.S. General was put in charge of D-Day?
3/14 (Blue) and 3/15 (Gold) - What was the nickname of the B-17 bomber?
3/18 (Blue) and 3/19 (Gold) - What battle was the turning point in the war against Japan?
Click on the links to view/download the material -
Assignment #3 - Ku Klux Klan Video (In Google Classroom)
Assignment #6 - Gunslingers (In Google Classroom)
Long Drive DBQ's Essential Question Essay Outline
The Gilded Age
Assignment #10 - Immigrant Interactive (In Google Classroom)
Hawaii Video Questions (In Google Classroom)
World War I
Roaring Twenties & Great Depression
Women's Suffrage Reading (In Google Classroom)
Prohibition Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)
World War II
WW II Infantry Weapons Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)
German Military Video and Questions (In Google Classroom)
The Early Cold War
Assignment #10 - Immigrant Interactive (Answers released in Google Classroom
WWI Apocalypse Fury Questions (Answers released in Google Classroom)
WWI Apocalypse Fear Questions (Answers released in Google Classroom)
Suffrage Movement (Answers released on Google Classroom)
Assignment #17 - The Great Depression
Assginment #18 - The Dust Bowl
World War II Weapons (Answers released on Google Classroom
German Military (Answers released on Google Classroom
Assignment #22 - The Holocaust
Click on the links to watch youtube videos.
Aftershocks (History Channel) - 17 min Watch Part 1 (10 min) Part 2 (up to 7 min)
The West Transformed
World War I
World War I - Rage (50 min)
Simple History - Prohibition (3 min)
World War II
Early Cold War
The Berlin Airlift (3 min)
Simple History Korean War (5 min)
Simple History Space Race (4 min) - The Questions are in Google Classroom