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Intermediate School
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Mrs. Brost
5th Grade Math, Science, and Social Studies
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Social Studies Chapter 1 Notes:

Ancient Civilizations/ Maya:


         Created systems for writing


         Agriculture- planted and raised food.


                  *this allowed the Mayan people to live in one place


         Charted the sun, moon, and stars to create a calendar


Maya Video:




Irrigation- a system for bringing water to dry fields. 


Culture- a set of beliefs and way of life that are special to a certain group.


Native Americans:


Adapt- to change in order to survive the conditions faced.


Native Americans adapted to their environment and developed diverse


cultures before Europeans arrived. 


*Scientists believe that the first people came to North America over a land bridge between Asia and North America.


Native Americans changed the land by:


  • Digging irrigation canals
  • In California, Native Americans burned shrubs so that grasses would grow. The grasses attracted deer.
  • The Calusa people made an island out of shells




  • lived in the Southeast
  • Built canoes and tools to catch fish


Lesson 3:


p. 19 Culture is: the way of life of a people. It includes their art, rules, beliefs, and history


p.20 Nomad- A person who moves often in search of food.


p. 20 Role of women: making clothing and other household goods.


p. 21 Children: Native Americans treasured children and believed they had a special connection to the spirit world.


p. 22 Council: Made up of Society’s leaders who made decisions.


p. 23 League- formed by the Iroquois. A group whose members share the same goals.


p. 24 Religion: Many groups believed that animals and the earth had spirits.


Answer the essay questions:


  1. Give one example of a change in Native American life that occurred as a result of farming. P.6, p. 16
    1. They were able to stay in one place for a long period of time. They were able to trade goods. No longer had to move to follow the bison.
    2.  Give two examples of Native American economies that were based on their geography and environments. P.14
      1. The Plains people followed the bison. This provided food, shelter, and clothes.
      2. The Cherokee in the Southeast farmed and were expert hunters. This gave them food and tools. They were able to trade.
      3. The Makah and Nootka people depended on the sea. They were expert fishermen. This gave them food
      4. The woodland people combined farming with hunting and gathering. This gave them food, supplies and could traded.
      5. The southwest grew food crops and cotton. This gave them food and clothing and they were able to trade.

Social Studies Chapter 3 Notes for test:

Chapter 3 Social Studies: Settlements Take Root

Lesson 1 Spanish colony

  • Encomienda- A grant from the Spanish government giving settlers the right to control local Native Americans.
  • Spanish settlements spread when Spanish missionaries set up villages, called missions.
  • Most missions in New Spain were in the northern regions of New Spain.
  • St. Augustine fort was important since it was near the shipping route. The soldiers at the fort protected Spanish ships carrying gold and silver from pirates.
  • Contact with the Spaniards harmed Native Americans when the Spaniards passed European diseases to the Native Americans. As a result, many Native Americans died.
  • Essay: Describe the role of Native Americans in the economy of New Spain:

*Essay: Discuss the role of the encomienda in the economy of the Spanish settlements in New Spain.

Lesson 2 English Colony

* Drought- a long period without rain

* Representative- people chosen by voters to speak and act for them

* England wanted to start a colony in North America to compete with Spain, their rival.

*On Roanoke Island, there was probably a drought which caused a food shortage and the Native Americans could no longer share food with the settlers.

*At Jamestown John Rolfe started to grow a new type of tobacco, which allowed the Virginia company to earn profits.

*Jamestown was surrounded by unclean water and mosquitoes that carried disease.

* Essay: Discuss 3 factors that were important in the survival and growth of the Jamestown colony:

Lesson 3  Pilgrims and Puritans in New England

*Pilgrim- a person who goes on a religious journey

* The Mayflower Compact allowed them to work together to make “just and equal laws”.

*The Wampanoag helped the Pilgrims because the Pilgrims protected them from Foes.

* Religion was important to Pilgrims and Puritans. Religious activities were a central part of their lives.

*The Pilgrims cooperated with the Native Americans, and both groups benefited.

*The Puritans tried to force Christianity on the Native Americans. This led to conflict.

* Essay: Describe why the Pilgrims and Puritans came to North America:

Lesson 4 French and Dutch

  • Northwesst Passage- a shortcut by water across North America to Asia
  • French and Dutch traded with with some Native Americans and had conflict with other Native Americans.
  • Life in the Dutch colony of New Netherland was based on Commerce.
  • English, French, and Dutch colonies had different reasons for starting colonies, but economic motives were important to all three groups.
  • Essay: Contrast the ways the European colonists in North America and the Native Americans viewed the ownership of land:


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